An introduction to the issue of child soldiers in democratic republic of congo

Init was estimated that one-tenth of the child soldiers in the world were in the DRC. On 25 OctoberBarack Obama waived the restrictions on four of the six nations. They are primarily used as fighters, carriers and sex slaves. In Africa it is estimated that up tochildren, which is 40 percent of the worldwide total, are currently used as combatants or support personnel.

Child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Individual support for children and their families should ideally be linked to programmes aimed at reducing poverty at the community level in order to be long-lasting, and be considered to produce a real return for the country.

After this phase of transition, they are reunited with their families and, as far as possible, benefit from intervention programmes aimed at getting them back into the school system or in social and economic life through professional vocational training.

These all help to promote a feeling of acceptance at the heart of the communities that the children are put back in to. However in the DRC child recruitment may actually be on the increase.

Article 38 states that "State parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of 15 years do not take a direct part in hostilities. And above all, it is difficult to guarantee the long-term reintegration of children who have previously been associated with armed groups because the country is unstable.

As one former child soldier, Ishmael Beahput it: This observation calls for a vast programme of economic development for the areas hit by conflict.

Often, this issue is identified with the African continent.

Children who are associated with armed conflicts experience incredible psychological trauma, and often struggle to regain any sense of normalcy. He was deposed inthe result of his failing health, and weakened grasp on the country.

These actions continue, and to prevent new cases happening, at the start of the government gave an order to all personnel in the FARDC to respect the standard operating procedure adopted in April on age verification for members of the FARDC.

6 questions about the issue of child soldiers in DRC

Closely related to the hostilities in the First and Second wars, both conflicts involved ethnic militias that were armed and supported by other African nations.

Inthe United Nations published a report that states that children are still being kidnapped, albeit at reduced rates, generally for soldiering, sexual slaveryor forced labor in mining camps. Africa has the highest growth rate in the use of children in conflict, and on average, the age of those enlisted is also receding.

But the use of child soldiers is illegal under international law, and is a particular and horrible form of modern-day slavery. The problem continues, and it is not isolated to Africa.

The goal is to guarantee longer-term, responsible and efficient interventions. As such, it is difficult to establish dialogue with armed groups and to bring those who recruit and use children to justice. Helping them to try and rebuild their lives, he tries to re-integrate them into society.

It has signed all relevant international treaties and protocols, and has negotiated regional agreements. It is important that all those participating in child protection, whether they be from the government, international organisations, or national or international NGOs, join forces to benefit from adequate financial support, and coordinate their actions in order to efficiently protect children from armed conflicts.

Having come out of a life marked by brutality and struggle, these children have to find a place to heal and a way to deal with the crimes they may or may not have committed. It also makes it more complex, and it extends even beyond the zones usually affected by conflict.

However, it should be noted that indue to insufficient resources, more than children that came out of armed groups were still waiting for reintegration.

The end of the Second Congo War only slightly alleviated the conflicts. It was given to him as part of the Berlin Conference ofwhich divided up and formalized much of the colonial expansion that had occurred—paving the way for the tail-end of the so-called scramble for Africa.

This procedure is a tool to help prevent recruitment and has now been implemented at all levels of the army. Rubber was the most profitable crop, and unmet quotas were penalized severely: The DRC became a battleground where various African nations, from North to South, either directly or indirectly fought over resources and power.

He was cleared of sexual offenses and the use of child soldiers.A Duty to Protect: Justice for Child Soldiers in the DRC In the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, children as young as six are routinely recruited by militias and taught to kill.

It is estimated that 8- to year-old-children make up 60% of combatants in the region. Democratic Republic of Congo In Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) we support the reintegration of children formerly associated with armed groups.

We do this by promoting practical, community-led initiatives, including our current pilot programme to help former girl soldiers return to education. issue of reintegration of child soldiers in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo but the process has been undermined by persistent instability in the region.

The problem of follow up, re-recruitment of former child soldiers by different armed groups and the lack of long-term funding are some of the obstacles to successful child soldier reintegration in the DRC. The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), released a report in which stated that between 1 January and 31 August up to 1, children had been recruited by armed groups, and described the.

INTERVIEW SPECIALIST – For the International Day Against the Use of Child Soldiers, Sabrina Cajoly, coordinator of the Working Group for the Protection of Children, answers six questions about children in the forces and armed groups in the DRC.

The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the 18th largest country in the world, is fraught with violence, conflict and exploitation. From the personal colony of King Leopold II of Belgium, to the dictator Joseph Mobutu's personal piggy bank, to a country divided by a twenty-year civil war, the DRC has a history of division and conflict.

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An introduction to the issue of child soldiers in democratic republic of congo
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